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Property Management 101: Understanding Key Concepts and Best Practices

Property Management 101: Understanding Key Concepts and Best Practices

Short-term rental property management has become an increasingly popular investment opportunity for property owners in recent years, with the rise of platforms such as Airbnb, VRBO, and Booking.com. However, successfully managing a short-term rental property requires some key knowledge, skills, and best practices. In this article, we will discuss the key concepts and best practices of short-term rental property management, including market analysis, pricing strategies, guest communication, marketing, and property maintenance. By understanding these concepts and following best practices, property owners can maximize the profitability of their short-term rental property and provide a positive experience for guests.

Key Concepts and Best Practices of Short-term Rental Property Management

Short-term rental property management involves managing properties that are rented out for short periods, typically less than 30 days. This can include managing properties on platforms like Airbnb, VRBO, and Booking.com. Here are some key concepts and best practices to keep in mind:


Pricing is a critical aspect of short-term rental property management. Here are some key concepts and best practices to keep in mind when pricing your short-term rental property:

  • Research comparable rentals: Research what other similar short-term rental properties are charging in your area. Look for properties with similar amenities, location, and size to your rental property. You can find this information on the short-term rental platforms you’re using, or through other online rental listings.

  • Consider peak seasons and events: The price of your short-term rental property should reflect the season and any upcoming events in the area. For example, during peak tourist seasons, or when there are special events in the area, you can charge more for your rental property.

  • Offer discounts: Offering discounts to guests who book for longer stays, or booking during the off-season, can help attract more guests and increase your occupancy rate.

  • Set a competitive price: Your rental property should be priced competitively, taking into account the local market and the quality of your property. If you set your price too high, it may be difficult to attract bookings, while if you set your price too low, you may not maximize your returns.

  • Consider additional fees: Additional fees, such as cleaning fees and taxes, can affect the overall price of your rental property. Make sure to factor in these costs when determining your pricing strategy.

  • Monitor and adjust pricing: Continuously monitor the demand and supply for your rental property, as well as the performance of your competitors. Adjust your pricing accordingly, taking into account changes in the market, seasonal demand, and any changes in your property.

  • Use a dynamic pricing tool: Dynamic pricing tools use algorithms that analyze a range of data points, such as seasonal demand, market trends, and competitor pricing, to determine the optimal price for your rental property. This can help you to achieve higher occupancy rates and maximize your rental income. Hostaway partners with a range of dynamic pricing software providers to offer property owners and managers a wide range of pricing tools to choose from. Some of the dynamic pricing software providers that Hostaway partners with include Beyond (formerly Beyond Pricing), PriceLabs, and Wheelhouse.

Guest communication:

Communicate clearly and promptly with guests before, during, and after their stay. Provide all necessary information in a timely manner and be available to answer any questions they may have. Here are some best practices for high-quality guest messaging:

  • Respond promptly: Responding promptly to guest inquiries, requests, and concerns is important for providing a good guest experience. Aim to respond to guest inquiries within 24 hours or less, and be available to address any issues that may arise during a guest's stay.

  • Be clear and concise: When communicating with guests, be clear and concise in your messaging. Provide all necessary information in a straightforward and easy-to-understand manner, and avoid using overly technical or complex language.

  • Use multiple communication channels: Communicate with guests using multiple channels, such as email, phone, or messaging apps such as WhatsApp. This will help ensure that guests receive your messages and can communicate with you in a way that is convenient for them.

  • Provide information about the property: Provide guests with information about the property, including check-in and check-out instructions, house rules, and any important features or amenities via a welcome book. This will help guests to feel welcome and more comfortable and informed during their stay.

  • Provide local information: Provide guests with information about the local area, including nearby restaurants, attractions, and events. This will help guests to plan their stay and make the most of their time in the area.

  • Follow up after the stay: Following up with guests after their stay is a good way to gather feedback and address any issues that may have arisen. This can also help to build a good relationship with guests and encourage them to book with you again in the future.

  • Request reviews: It can be beneficial to gently remind guests to leave a review. This should be done within a few days of the guest's leaving, and can be done via email or messaging.

Cleaning and maintenance:

Ensure your rental property is always clean and well-maintained. Hire a professional cleaning service to thoroughly clean between guests and perform regular maintenance checks on appliances and amenities. Here are some ways to go about cleaning and maintenance:

  • Develop a cleaning schedule: Develop a cleaning schedule that outlines when cleaning will be performed and by whom. This can help ensure that the property is always clean and well-maintained.

  • Hire professional cleaners: Consider hiring professional cleaners to perform routine cleaning and maintenance tasks. Professional cleaners can provide deep cleaning services, such as carpet cleaning and window washing, that may be difficult to do on your own.

  • Perform regular inspections: Conduct regular inspections of the property to identify any maintenance issues that need to be addressed. This can help prevent small issues from becoming larger and more costly problems.

  • Address maintenance issues promptly: Address maintenance issues promptly to ensure that the property is always in good condition. This can help to minimize downtime and avoid negative reviews from guests.

  • Provide cleaning supplies: Provide guests with cleaning supplies, such as paper towels, disinfectant spray, and garbage bags, so that they can keep the property clean during their stay.

  • Consider seasonal maintenance: Consider seasonal maintenance tasks, such as preparing the property for winter weather or conducting deep cleaning tasks in the spring. This can help ensure that the property is well-maintained throughout the year.

  • Create a checklist: Develop a cleaning and maintenance checklist to ensure that all tasks are completed regularly and to a high standard. This can help ensure that nothing is missed and that the property is always in good condition.

  • Use a cleaning application: Using a cleaning app can be an effective way to manage cleaning and maintenance tasks for short-term rental properties. Cleaning apps associated with Hostaway like Properly, TurnoverBnB, and many others can help automate cleaning schedules, manage maintenance issues, and communicate with cleaners, making it easier to provide a clean and well-maintained property for guests. Cleaning apps can provide checklists that cleaners can use to ensure that all tasks are completed and that the property is cleaned to a high standard. Additionally, they can help track cleaning expenses, making it easier to manage costs and stay within budget.

Rules and regulations:

Establish clear rules and regulations for your rental property and communicate them to guests. Include information on noise levels, maximum occupancy, and any specific rules unique to your property. Here are some key concepts and best practices to keep in mind when developing and communicating rules to guests:

  • Be clear and concise: Develop clear and concise rules that are easy to understand and follow. Avoid using legal jargon or overly complicated language.

  • Cover all necessary topics: Make sure to cover all necessary topics in your rules, including noise levels, maximum occupancy, smoking, pets, and any specific rules unique to your property.

  • Tailor rules to your property: Consider the specific features of your rental property when developing rules. For example, if you have a pool or hot tub, you may need to include rules around usage and safety.

  • Communicate rules to guests: Communicate your rules to guests before they arrive, and provide them with a copy of the rules in the rental property. This can help to ensure that guests understand the expectations for their stay.

  • Enforce rules consistently: Enforce your rules consistently, and address any violations promptly and professionally. This can help to maintain a positive relationship with guests and ensure that the rental property remains in good condition.

  • Review and update rules regularly: Review and update your rules regularly to ensure that they remain current and relevant. This can help to address any issues that may arise and ensure that guests have a positive experience.

Safety and security:

Ensure your rental property is safe and secure for guests. When considering safety and security, here are some key concepts and best practices to keep in mind:

  • Install smoke detectors and carbon monoxide detectors: Smoke detectors and carbon monoxide detectors can help alert guests in the event of a fire or gas leak. Install these detectors in all rooms, and test them regularly to ensure they are functioning properly.

  • Install fire extinguishers: Fire extinguishers can help contain small fires and prevent them from spreading. Install fire extinguishers in the kitchen and other areas where fires may be more likely to occur.

  • Ensure all doors and windows lock securely: Make sure all doors and windows in your rental property lock securely to prevent unauthorized entry. Consider installing deadbolts or additional security measures if necessary.

  • Conduct regular safety inspections: Conduct regular safety inspections of your rental property to identify any potential hazards or safety concerns. This can help you to address any issues promptly and ensure that your property is safe for guests.

  • Provide emergency contact information: Provide guests with emergency contact information, including local police and fire departments, hospitals, and poison control centers. This can help guests quickly and easily access assistance in the event of an emergency.

  • Consider liability insurance: Consider obtaining liability insurance to protect yourself from potential legal issues that may arise from hosting short-term rentals.


Encouraging guests to leave reviews of their stay is an important aspect of short-term rental property management. Positive reviews can help attract more guests and increase your rental income, while negative reviews can provide valuable feedback and help you identify areas for improvement. Here are some things to keep in mind when requesting reviews:

  • Timing: Request reviews from guests shortly after their stay, while their experience is still fresh in their minds. Consider sending a follow-up email or message a few days after their departure to request a review.

  • Provide a clear and simple process: Make it easy for guests to leave a review by providing a clear and simple process. Consider including a link to your listing or a review site in your request, and provide clear instructions on how to leave a review.

  • Be professional: When requesting a review, be professional and polite. Thank the guest for their stay, and encourage them to share their experience with others.

  • Respond to reviews: Respond to reviews in a professional and timely manner, whether they are positive or negative. This can help to show guests that you value their feedback and are committed to providing a positive experience.

  • Use reviews to improve: Use reviews to identify areas for improvement, and take action to address any issues that are raised. This can help you to improve the guest experience and increase the likelihood of positive reviews in the future.

  • Monitor and manage reviews: Monitor and manage reviews regularly to ensure that they are accurate and fair. Consider responding to negative reviews publicly to address any concerns and show that you are committed to providing a positive experience for your guests.

Legal compliance:

Here are some key concepts and best practices to keep in mind: Research local regulations: Research the local regulations related to short-term rentals in your area, including zoning laws, building codes, and occupancy limits.

  • Obtain necessary permits: If permits are required to operate a short-term rental in your area, make sure to obtain them before renting out your property. This can help to avoid fines and legal issues.

  • Pay applicable taxes: In many areas, short-term rentals are subject to local taxes. Make sure to pay all applicable taxes on time to avoid penalties and legal issues.

  • Follow zoning rules: Follow all zoning rules related to short-term rentals in your area, including restrictions on the number of occupants and the type of property that can be used for short-term rentals.

  • Stay up to date on changes: Stay up to date on changes to local regulations, and adjust your practices as necessary to ensure compliance.

How can Hostaway Help?

Hostaway is a powerful property management software platform that can help property owners and managers effectively manage their short-term rental properties. Hostaway provides a comprehensive solution for property management, with features such as dynamic pricing tools, guest communication tools, cleaning and maintenance apps, and listing optimization features, all designed to help you provide a positive guest experience and maximize rental income.

One of the key ways in which Hostaway can help is by simplifying and automating the property management process, thereby taking care of repetitive tasks while giving you more time to focus on important tasks such as decision-making.

In Conclusion

Property management is a crucial aspect of managing any type of rental property; in this article, we focused on short-term vacation rentals. By understanding the key concepts and best practices related to pricing, guest communication, cleaning and maintenance, rules and regulations, safety and security, and reviews, property owners and managers can provide a positive guest experience and maximize rental income.

From using dynamic pricing tools to optimize rates to encouraging guests to leave reviews, effective property management requires a combination of strategic thinking, attention to detail, and a commitment to providing a positive guest experience. With the right tools, such as Hostaway's powerful property management software platform, and a focus on best practices, property owners and managers can achieve success in the competitive and dynamic short-term rental market.

Ultimately, successful property management requires a dedication to continuous learning, a willingness to adapt to changing market conditions, and a commitment to providing exceptional customer service to guests. By keeping these principles in mind and implementing best practices across all aspects of property management, property owners and managers can thrive in the short-term rental market and achieve long-term success.

Ready to find out how Hostaway can transform your business?

Hostaway is proud to support thousands of Property Managers and Airbnb Hosts Around the world. We take pride in being Top Ranked in Vacation Rental Software Review Sites: Capterra, G2, Software Advice, Trust Pilot, to name just a few! Check out our reviews and read the Hostaway Case Studies from real successful and growing Short-Term Rental Managers!